Hand Fired Coal Stove

The term "Hand Fired Coal Stove" refers to a coal heating appliance that is manually operated and does not require any power to operate, it would be similar to most wood stoves. The word "Stove" can be ambiguous and may refer to it's smaller size relative to larger coal burning aplliances or it may actually be a stove for cooking.

There is many variations but a typical hand fired coal stove will have a deep fire box with shaker grates on the bottom. There will be two doors, one for loading coal and another for ash removal. An adjustable air inlet will be located somewhere near the bottom of the stove that directs air underneath the grates and through the bed coal. There may also be air inlets near the top of the stove for over fire air, these are kept closed during regulation operation. They can be utilized to evacuate gases before opening the loading door or if you are burning wood in it.

Typical operation is to first "shake" the coal and ashes of an established fire, this is usually accomplished by an external handle that moves the shaker grates inside the stove. As the shaker grates are moved ash will fall into an ash pan located in the bottom of the stove. Coal is loaded into the firebox through a larger door or some models may be gravity fed with an internal hopper. The ash pan is removed from the bottom door.

Since the combustion rate of coal is dictated by the amount of air most people with these types of coal stoves will be on a schedule of maintaining it once every 12 hours. The firebox is filled with coal to it's maximum capacity and the air is adjusted so most of the coal is consumed in the 12 hour period leaving enough burning coal to light the freshly loaded coal. While you will not get much heat from it larger hand fired coal stoves can be idled down for up to two days of continuous operation.

Some hand fired coal stoves may have an air distribution fan utilized for better heat distribution that requires power. This is an additional feature and not required for basic operation during power loss. They may also have outlets for ducting that can be used independently or into an existing duct used by a primary heating system.

Some hand fired coal stoves may have an air distribution fan utilized for better heat distribution that requires power. This is an additional feature and not required for basic operation during power loss. They may also have outlets for ducting that can be used independently or into an existing duct used by a primary heating system.