Barn Heating

A Coal stoker furnace or stove controls most operations including automatically feeding the coal. They are quite similar to any conventional oil and gas units and easily operated for extended periods of time. They commonly use rice coal but may use larger sizes like buckwheat. They can be used as primary heat, supplementary heat or have a dual set up with your existing oil/gas furnace.
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windyhill4.2
Member
Posts: 5028
Joined: Fri. Nov. 22, 2013 2:17 pm
Stoker Coal Boiler: 1960 EFM520 installed in truck box
Hand Fed Coal Stove: Crane 404 with variable blower
Coal Size/Type: 404-nut, 520 rice ,anthracite for both
Location: Jonestown,Pa.17038

Post Wed. Apr. 16, 2014 10:25 am

Check out the MONSTER output units that member Matthewd shows on the pics of your boiler thread, 1million + BTU . BTU needs would likely drop some with the drier air ,less time for fans to run trying to remove the moisture,better bird health all around .
David **** John14:6 Jesus saith unto him,"I am the way.the truth,and the life;no man cometh unto the father,but by me." Wise men sought for Jesus when he was born,wise men still seek Jesus today. Seek & you shall find.


Phil May
Member
Posts: 194
Joined: Sun. Nov. 06, 2011 9:12 pm
Stoker Coal Boiler: EFM 700
Coal Size/Type: Buckwheat
Stove/Furnace Make: EFM
Stove/Furnace Model: 700
Location: Wellsville NY

Post Wed. Apr. 16, 2014 12:02 pm

The main problem you will have is the ammonia that is in the chicken house will destroy a fan coil in no time. You would have to use outside clean air to stop the corrosion. Maybe you could get a shop to fab a coil out of a good grade of stainless. The better option would be radiant heat in the floor. That might make the ammonia worse by warming the litter.

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Lightning
Member
Posts: 8305
Joined: Wed. Nov. 16, 2011 9:51 am
Hand Fed Coal Furnace: Overmodified/Bored out Clayton 1537
Coal Size/Type: Anthracite/Awesome Size
Location: Olean, NY

Post Wed. Apr. 16, 2014 3:16 pm

Phil May wrote: That might make the ammonia worse by warming the litter.
Um yeah. I would go along with that! :out:

Wallyp
Member
Posts: 47
Joined: Sun. Dec. 19, 2010 6:52 am
Stove/Furnace Make: Heatmor
Stove/Furnace Model: 400dcss

Post Wed. Apr. 16, 2014 3:30 pm

Thank you everyone for all that great information- knew I could count on this forum 's members for some good info . I prefer going the forced air route for simplicity and lower initial costs of a complete installation . We have sold outdoor wood fired boilers for 23 years and know how to do that end of things . We have set up poultry barns using outdoor boilers and radiant finned tubing and all customers indicate better bird housing conditions . So now what I need is someone's name who is actually using forced air heating in poultry barns . Thanks again for all the answers .

Starting Out
Member
Posts: 150
Joined: Thu. Feb. 20, 2014 5:33 pm
Other Heating: Burnham Oil Boiler with Beckett Gun
Location: Ringtown, PA

Post Wed. Apr. 16, 2014 3:55 pm

Go to Keystoker's web page Keystoker.com and click on testimonials. There is a person using exactly what Wallyp is looking for. They heat greenhouses with 450K. units. They use 8 of them.

Pacowy
Member
Posts: 2751
Joined: Tue. Sep. 04, 2007 10:14 pm
Stoker Coal Boiler: H.B. Smith 350 Mills boiler/EFM 85R stoker
Coal Size/Type: Buckwheat/anthracite
Location: Dalton, MA

Post Wed. Apr. 16, 2014 3:57 pm

I go along with the simplicity; not sure about the cost. AFAIK there are a lot more good used big boilers around than good used big furnaces. If the options are a good used big boiler vs. a new big furnace, a big boiler set-up might still be less. Plus, as mentioned previously, some big boilers potentially could heat multiple buildings.

Mike

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windyhill4.2
Member
Posts: 5028
Joined: Fri. Nov. 22, 2013 2:17 pm
Stoker Coal Boiler: 1960 EFM520 installed in truck box
Hand Fed Coal Stove: Crane 404 with variable blower
Coal Size/Type: 404-nut, 520 rice ,anthracite for both
Location: Jonestown,Pa.17038

Post Wed. Apr. 16, 2014 5:45 pm

There is a big difference between heating a greenhouse & heating a chicken house ,both have moisture issues but the chicken house also has dust issues,imagine the massive return air filter needed for a hot air furnace,& then to get the air to return to the furnace while big fans are pulling air from the building. My choice would be a good recon boiler with modine style heaters & no worry about return air issue OR duct work for the 600' building.Duct work or pex for 600',pex seems easier to me, a good recon boiler setting in a separate building between 2 buildings & have the coal storage in the boiler building. But ,our lives are full of choices,we all can choose to spend our money on what we like & what we perceive will work best for us, & then we get to enjoy or regret our choice with no one else to blame. :)
David **** John14:6 Jesus saith unto him,"I am the way.the truth,and the life;no man cometh unto the father,but by me." Wise men sought for Jesus when he was born,wise men still seek Jesus today. Seek & you shall find.

Wallyp
Member
Posts: 47
Joined: Sun. Dec. 19, 2010 6:52 am
Stove/Furnace Make: Heatmor
Stove/Furnace Model: 400dcss

Post Wed. Apr. 16, 2014 8:31 pm

Thanks for more input - but am still looking for a contact to learn more about forced air heating with a large anthracite burning furnace for a poultry barn application - I understand there are some out there but so far have had no luck finding someone . Have been to see Rocky Ridge Greenhouses using anthracite furnaces for greenhouses and had the pleasure of meeting with LaRue, the owner . Also cannot figure how to respond by personal email to members of the forum- can you help me Mike ?


User avatar
Lightning
Member
Posts: 8305
Joined: Wed. Nov. 16, 2011 9:51 am
Hand Fed Coal Furnace: Overmodified/Bored out Clayton 1537
Coal Size/Type: Anthracite/Awesome Size
Location: Olean, NY

Post Wed. Apr. 16, 2014 8:34 pm

Wallyp wrote:Also cannot figure how to respond by personal email to members of the forum
Um do you mean private messages? Use the "PM" button. It's easiest to PM thru a post done by the member you want to contact. That way his name and subject is already filled in for you.

Pacowy
Member
Posts: 2751
Joined: Tue. Sep. 04, 2007 10:14 pm
Stoker Coal Boiler: H.B. Smith 350 Mills boiler/EFM 85R stoker
Coal Size/Type: Buckwheat/anthracite
Location: Dalton, MA

Post Wed. Apr. 16, 2014 8:36 pm

Hit the button that says "Send Reply".

Mike

User avatar
Lightning
Member
Posts: 8305
Joined: Wed. Nov. 16, 2011 9:51 am
Hand Fed Coal Furnace: Overmodified/Bored out Clayton 1537
Coal Size/Type: Anthracite/Awesome Size
Location: Olean, NY

Post Wed. Apr. 16, 2014 8:39 pm

Pacowy wrote:Hit the button that says "Send Reply".

Mike
:lol: oops, I misread thought he wanted to send a message..

Wallyp
Member
Posts: 47
Joined: Sun. Dec. 19, 2010 6:52 am
Stove/Furnace Make: Heatmor
Stove/Furnace Model: 400dcss

Post Wed. Apr. 16, 2014 9:03 pm

Please don't count me out, but where is the " send reply " button

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Scottscoaled
Member
Posts: 2597
Joined: Tue. Jan. 08, 2008 9:51 pm
Stoker Coal Boiler: EFM 520, 700, Van Wert 800 GJ 61,53
Baseburners & Antiques: Magic Stewart 16, times 2!
Coal Size/Type: Lots of buck
Other Heating: Slant Fin electric boiler backup
Location: Malta N.Y.

Post Wed. Apr. 16, 2014 9:19 pm

Here's how to deal with this problem. It is called an Air Handler. It take outside air and passes it thru a coil. It also takes some of the air in the space and mixes it with the new incoming air, That keeps the operating expense within reason. the amount of air that is drawn from outside is proportional to the amount of moist, ammonia tinged, dusty air that is purged by the exhaust fans. The temperature that we are talking about keeping the barn at is above freezing. Not 60 or 70 degrees. It only needs to be kept warm enough that the chickens wattles don't freeze and the feed/water/poop doesn't freeze either. It's also important not to have the cold air blowing on the livestock too much as they don't do well in cold drafty conditions. The dry, heated, outside air that has been mixed with the heated air from the top of the space, should be introduced into the bottom of one end of the barn and pulled out of the barn by the exhaust fans. That way the poultry always has warmer air gently flowing across their space drying the poop and carrying out the moisture/smells/ ammonia dust. So an air handler equipped with a Variable Speed Drive to match the incoming air to the exhausting air would be ideal. Low maintenence, less chance of dust clogging the coil due to excessive dust, able to be mounted to outside or inside of building to suit the need. And the most important part, a big efficient coal boiler to supply the heat. I know of several that would fit the bill.
I think a man does what he can, untill his destiny is revealed. Right now that is trying to sell my EFM plate boilers in 520 and 700 sizes.

Phil May
Member
Posts: 194
Joined: Sun. Nov. 06, 2011 9:12 pm
Stoker Coal Boiler: EFM 700
Coal Size/Type: Buckwheat
Stove/Furnace Make: EFM
Stove/Furnace Model: 700
Location: Wellsville NY

Post Thu. Apr. 17, 2014 2:45 pm

I would think an air handler would be Ok as long as it is using outside air. The dust and amonia from the inside air would destroy anything that is not plastic or stainless. In my hog finishing houses just putting copper or brass inside corrodes it beyond use in 1 winter. Even galvanized bolts rot away.

Wallyp
Member
Posts: 47
Joined: Sun. Dec. 19, 2010 6:52 am
Stove/Furnace Make: Heatmor
Stove/Furnace Model: 400dcss

Post Sat. Apr. 26, 2014 9:25 am

Thanks for all the help so far received from many forum members, re; heating poultry barn with anthracite forced air . I have found a farmer who does use forced air in poultry barns but so far have not been in direct contact . Have also learned that in the long run, perhaps a boiler and fan coils may be of equal value . Just need more time to put things to-gether . Interesting that 1 member thought a boiler may garner more efficiency than a forced air furnace from the actual anthracite .


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