Burning a Bit of Bituminous

Modern and vintage hand fired coal stove are similar to a wood stove and in some cases can burn either. They need to be regulated and fed by hand usually every 12 to 24 hours depending on your usage. They require no power to operate making them ideal for rural settings with long power outages.
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Ashcat
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Hand Fed Coal Stove: Hitzer 983
Coal Size/Type: Nut/Blaschak
Location: West Chester PA

Post Sat. Nov. 29, 2008 2:47 pm

I have about 40 lbs of bituminous lying around, from my railroad days. I broke it up into pieces about 3 inch at the largest. I was thinking of burning it tonight (I remember how much smoke it makes, and wish to draw no neighborly attention). Anyone see a problem with doing so in an anthracite stove?

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envisage
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Hand Fed Coal Boiler: Werner Foundry 350a
Hand Fed Coal Stove: Warm Morning 400, Fire Boss Wood/Coal Hyrbrid
Coal Size/Type: Buckwheat, Pea, Chestnut and Stove
Location: Phoenixville, PA
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Post Sat. Nov. 29, 2008 6:27 pm

Bit tends it to to produce more soot than anthracite and smoke a lot more. It can also smell of sulfur. Try burning a bit of bit and see (and smell) what happens.

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Ashcat
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Posts: 420
Joined: Mon. Aug. 18, 2008 10:29 pm
Hand Fed Coal Stove: Hitzer 983
Coal Size/Type: Nut/Blaschak
Location: West Chester PA

Post Sat. Nov. 29, 2008 8:49 pm

I laid about 5 bigger chunks on top of a nicely burning bed, the closest to the glass door being about 5 inches--but that was close enough to darken a 4" area of glass with soot. Yeah, I got a nice sulfury whiff when I opened the fill door to try to break up those pieces a little. They were already fairly well burned but had seemingly melted into mini clinkers. I broke them up well enough, I hope, to get thru the grates.

Not too bad, but this was an experiment I probably won't be repeating anytime soon.

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LsFarm
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Stoker Coal Boiler: Axeman Anderson 260
Hand Fed Coal Boiler: Self-built 'Big Bertha' SS Boiler
Baseburners & Antiques: Keystone 11, Art Garland
Location: Michigan

Post Sun. Nov. 30, 2008 12:18 am

Burning anthracite is like burning Natural gas or Propane.. clean heat, very little smell etc.. Burning bituminous is like buring a bucket of old motor oil.. smokey, smelly and dirty..

UNLESS you have a made-to-burn-Bituminous stoker stove , then it is quite managable, and civilized.. but the bituminous stoker stoves are pretty rare..

I burned 4.5 tons of Bit coal and 5 tons of anthracite one season in my hand feed 'Big Bertha' boiler,, I learned a lot.. and now burn antharacite only in a stoker boiler..

Greg L.
.
Burning Pea/Buckwheat through an antique stoker [semi retired SSboiler],
Running an Axeman-Anderson 260M boiler burning Pea, About 150-250#per day
Farming, Fixing, Fabricating and Flying: 'spare time' what's that?

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envisage
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Posts: 161
Joined: Tue. Nov. 20, 2007 5:02 pm
Hand Fed Coal Boiler: Werner Foundry 350a
Hand Fed Coal Stove: Warm Morning 400, Fire Boss Wood/Coal Hyrbrid
Coal Size/Type: Buckwheat, Pea, Chestnut and Stove
Location: Phoenixville, PA
Contact:

Post Sun. Nov. 30, 2008 2:04 am

The Warm Morning stoves (I have the Model 400) were optimized to burn bit. They feature 4 internal flues inside the firebox. Imagine 4 little chimneys in each of the corners of a firebox, each with blue flame shooting out of the them! It is a really cool thing to see. It burns up the volatiles from the bit so that there is little smoke produced, and keeps down the soot, although it does not eliminate it completely.

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